The sequential coupling of catalytic steps will be an essential factor for achieving a progressive and controlled biomass deoxygenation and reduce hydrogen consumption, avoiding the problems that hinder one/two-step bio-oil upgrading processes.


On the other hand, the use of tailored nano-catalysts will allow optimising reaction yields (increasing liquid yield and preventing bio-oil contamination) and facing limitations of current catalysts in terms of selectivity and deactivation rates.


Finally, the scaling-up of the process will be important for fully exploring and understanding the catalytic and reaction dynamics, assessing catalysts life-cycles and demonstrating the viability of the CASCATBEL process in relevant environments, from both technical and economic perspectives.



The CASCATBEL project has received funding from the European Community's Seventh
Framework Programme FP7/2007-2013 under Grant Agreement nº 604307